Social psychology / Robert A. Baron, Nyla R. Branscombe. .. human nature, is reflected in comments by Donn Byrne (a well-known social psychologist. Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. How do I download the PDF file of the book "Gender: Psychological Perspectives" by Linda Brannon? Where can I download the book Introducing Psychology: A Graphic Guide (Fourth Edition) in PDF? How do I download Psychology By Baron (5th Ed.) eBook?.
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Study Social Psychology (12th Edition) discussion and chapter questions and find Social Psychology Robert A. Baron/Nyla R. Branscombe/Donn R. Byrne. Title: Social psychology / Robert A. Baron, Oklahoma State University, Donn Byrne, Roger Black, Jim Naylor, John Capaldi, and Mike Morris. Robert A. Baron, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Donn Byrne, The University at Albany, State University of New York. Nyla R Branscombe . Some have suggested that the self is the heart of social psychology; conse- quently, the self has.
A working knowledge of these basic methods will help you to understand how social psychologists add to our understanding of social thought and social behavior, and will also be useful to you outside the context of this course.
Then, we provide you with an overview of some of the special features in this book—features we think you will find helpful in many ways. Social Psychology: An Overview Providing a definition of almost any field is a complex task. As you will see in every chapter of this book, social psychologists truly have a wide range of interests.
Yet, despite this fact, most focus mainly on the following task: understanding how and why individuals behave, think, and feel as they do in social situations—ones involving the actual presence of other people, or their symbolic presence. Accordingly, we define social psychology as the scientific field that seeks to understand the nature and causes of individual behavior, feelings, and thought in social situations.
Another way to put this is to say that social psychology investigates the ways in which our thoughts, feelings, and actions are influenced by the social environments in which we live—by other people or our thoughts about them e. Many people seem to believe that this term refers only to fields such as chemistry, physics, and biology—ones that use the kind of equipment shown in Figure 1. If you share that view, you may find our suggestion that social psychology is a scientific discipline somewhat puzzling.
How can a field that seeks to study the nature of love, the causes of aggression, and everything in between be scientific in the same sense as chemistry, physics, or computer science? The answer is surprisingly simple.
In reality, the term science does not refer to a special group of highly advanced fields. Rather, it refers to two things: 1 a set of values and 2 several methods that can be used to study a wide range of topics.
In deciding whether a given field is or is not scientific, therefore, the critical question is, Does it adopt these values and methods?
To the extent it does, it is scientific in nature. To the extent it does not, it falls outside the realm of science.
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We examine the procedures used by social psychologists in their research in detail in a later section, so here we focus on the core values that all fields must adopt to 5 6 CHAPTER 1 Social Psychology: The Science of the Social Side of Life be considered scientific in nature.
Four of these are most important: Accuracy: A commitment to gathering and evaluating information about the world including social behavior and thought in as careful, precise, and error-free a manner as possible.
Objectivity: A commitment to obtaining and evaluating such information in a manner that is as free from bias as humanly possible. Skepticism: A commitment to accepting findings as accurate only to the extent they have been verified over and over again. Many people seem to believe that only fields that use sophisticated equipment like that shown left can be viewed as scientific.
In fact, though, the term science simply refers to adherence to a set of basic values e.
In contrast, fields that are not scientific in nature right do not accept these values or use these methods. Social psychology, as a field, is deeply committed to these values and applies them in its efforts to understand the nature of social behavior and social thought. For this reason, it makes sense to describe it as scientific in orientation.
In contrast, fields that are not scientific make assertions about the world, and about people, that are not put to the careful test and analysis required by the values listed above.
In such fields—ones like astrology and aromatherapy—intuition, faith, and unobservable forces are considered to be sufficient see Figure 1. And we understand why you might feel this way; after all, each of us has spent our entire lives interacting with other people and thinking about them, so in a sense, we are all amateur social psychologists.
Our answer is straightforward: Because such sources provide an inconsistent and unreliable guide to understanding social behavior and social thought.
Social Psychology (13th Edition)
Is it true that when people are separated from those they love, they miss them and so experience increased longing for them? Many people would agree.
Is it true? When people are separated from those they love, do they quickly find another romantic interest? As you can see, these two views—both suggested by common sense and popular culture—are contradictory. Because as we learn more about others we recognize more ways in which we are dissimilar to them, and this growing awareness of dissimilarity causes us to notice yet more ways in which we are dissimilar, which leads to disliking.
We could continue, but by now, the main point should be clear: Common sense often suggests a confusing and inconsistent picture of human behavior. But this is not the only reason for being suspicious of common sense. Another one relates to the fact that unlike Mr. Spock of Star Trek fame, we are not perfect informationprocessing machines. Now, try to remember two things: 1 your initial estimates about how long it would take you to complete these jobs and 2 how long it actually took.
Is there a gap between these two numbers? In all likelihood there is because most of us fall victim to the planning fallacy—a strong tendency to believe that projects will take less time than they actually do or, alternatively, that we can accomplish more in a given period of time than is really true.
Research by social psychologists indicates that part of the answer involves a tendency to think about the future when we are estimating how long a job will take. This prevents us from remembering how long similar tasks took in the past and that, in turn, leads us to underestimate the time we will need now e.
Social Psychology, 9th Edition
Because we are prone to such errors in our informal thinking about the social world, we cannot rely on it—or on common sense—to solve the mysteries of social behavior. Rather, we need scientific evidence; and providing such evidence is, in essence, what social psychology is all about. Social Psychology Focuses on the Behavior of Individuals Societies differ greatly in terms of their views concerning courtship and marriage, yet it is still individuals who fall in love.
Other Aspects of Self-Functioning: Focusing, Monitoring, and Efficacy. Maleness or Femaleness as a Crucial Aspect of Identity. Prejudice and Discrimination: Their Nature and Effects.
Why Prejudice Is Not Inevitable: Techniques for Countering Its Effects. Recognizing and Evaluating Strangers: Proximity and Emotions.
Becoming Acquaintances: Becoming Close Acquaintances and Moving toward Friendship: Similarity and Reciprocal Positive Evaluations. To Ask — Sometimes — Is to Receive.
Responding to an Emergency: Theoretical Perspectives on Aggression: In Search of the Roots of Violence. Determinants of Human Aggression: Social, Personal, Situational.
Child Abuse and Workplace Violence: Aggression in Long-Term Relationships. The Prevention and Control of Aggression: Some Useful Techniques.
How Groups Affect Individual Performance: Facilitation or Social Loafing? Perceived Fairness in Groups: Decision Making by Groups: Applying Social Psychology to the World of Work: Job Satisfaction, Helping, and Leadership.
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Social Psychology, 9th Edition. Robert A. If You're an Educator Download instructor resources Additional order info.
If You're a Student Additional order info. Description The ninth edition of Social Psychology continues to integrate classic and current research in a highly readable and engaging fashion. This theme is reflected in the book in several ways: Other recent trends in the field of social psychology have been included in the ninth edition: Critical thinking questions follow the Connections tables.
Chapter summaries help the student assess what they have read. New to This Edition.Beliefs about Social Groups.
Beyond the Family: Singling Out Others for Repeated Abuse.
New to This Edition. In Search of the Roots of Violence. Internal Determinants of Attraction: Because we are prone to such errors in our informal thinking about the social world, we cannot rely on it—or on common sense—to solve the mysteries of social behavior.